澳门网上威尼斯线上正网

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  2. 澳门网上威尼斯线上正网动态

    奔跑吧翔安丨炮火铸英雄:一个大嶝家庭 三代红色传承

    发布时间:2019-12-09 00:18:52 文章来源:甘肃新闻网 阅读次数:153

      ByXiaBinChenDaofuResearchReportNo108,tionExpectationIncreasestheShort-TermPressureuponForeignExchangeGrowthThecurrenttradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStates,industrialcapitalintheUnitedStatesbegantomovetothedeve"doubledeficits"andasChinahasbecomeoneofthefastest-growingeconomiesintheworldnotedforitssoundinvestmentenvironmentandcheaplaborforce,,theUnitedStatesasadevelopedcountryhasbecomeadebtorcountryandhasbeenbothecurrenthighrateofeconomicgrowth,,whatcanbechangedisthatthetradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesisreplacedbythetrad,itissafetosaythatsolongasChinacontinuestomaintainitssoundpolicyenvironment,itstradeimbalancew,thegrowthofChinahasindicatedthatthesharpgrowthofChinasforeignexchangereserveinthepasttwoyederalReservewhenitwasledbyitsformerchairmanAlanGreenspan,,mostinterna,theamountofChinassurplusofforeignexchavechangedfromoutflowintoinflow,whichshowsadistinctchangeinthestructureofChinanexcheserveInessence,foreignexchangereserveisatypeofliquida,exsforeignexchangereservehasbeencontinuouslyrisingtothecurrentlevelofmorethan850billiondollars,,money,ins,,itwillboostth,itmayundercutt,itisunfavoraionalsavingshavesettledinthecourseofeconomicact,moneyisurgentlyneededtosolvemanydifficulthistoricalproblemsleftoverinthecourseofreformssuchastheissueofagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,thedevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thehugeamountofnonperformingloansoffina,lendingmoneytoforeigngovernmentsatrelativelylowinteres,"dollarhegemony""dollarhegemony"usuallyignoredtheinterestsofothercountriesandalwaysuseddollarrevaluati,,,interestratewarsandevenothersanctionsimposedbyafewcountriesaredetrimentaltotheformationofaninternationaleconomicenvironmentthatisnecessaryforChina,therefore,maintainingaproperamountofforeignexchangereserveandimprovingitsusageefficiencyofforeignexchangereservewillhelpraisethegrowthrateofthenationaleconomy,lessentheunevennessoftheeconomicstructure,fundamentallyreducethepossibilityofbalanceofpaymentsimbalances,andeventuallyenhancethestabilityofthecountry,acountryonlyneedsanamountofforeignexchangereservethatisenougherve.ByZhangYongwei,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo120,sWindPowerIndustrySince2003,thecentralgovernmentpromulgatedtheRenewableEnergyLawofPeoplesRepublicofChinaanddrewupChinaRenewableEnergyDevelopmentPlantoimprovethe,aseriesofincentivemeasures,suchasthelaunchofwindpowerfranchiserightsbiddingandfavorablefiscalandtaxpolicies,greatlyenhancedthedevelo,sinstalled,weshouldalsoadmitthatprominentproblemsstillexistintheindustryandtheseproblemshavmechanism;seriousprojectsliceuptowinapprovalanddisorderlywindpowermarket(1)Theplanlac2007proposedtobringinstalledgrosscapacityofwindpowerto5GWin2010,;the11thFive-YearPlanforRenewableEnergyDevelopment,promulgatedin2008,plannedtobringtheinstalledgrosscapacityto10GWin2010,,thewindpowerinstallationplandoesnotfitwellwithotherdevelopmentplanssuchaspowergridconstruction,resourceexploration,,includingtheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,NationalEnergyAdministration,ChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofEngineering,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandPowerGridCorporation,areallinvolvedinthewindpowerplanning,rketdevelopmentiftherewerenounitedandcoordinatedmediumandlong-termdevelopmentplanofwindpower.(2),theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionisinchargeofwindpowerprojectconstructionabove50,000kw,andlocalgovernmentsareresponsiblefortheonesbelow50,,somelocalgovernmentsandinvestmententerprisescircumventthestateapprovalbysplittingbigconstructionplan,000kwcapacityissplitintomorethan6smallerones(Eachonelessthan50,000kw).“Smallwindpowerprojects”directlyapprovedbylocalgovernmentblossomeverywhere,nwillfurtherintensifytheconflictbetweenwindpowerandpowergrids.(3)Projectwinsatenderwithlowpricewhiledeveloperscareforscaleratherthaneffectiveness,andtheypursue“quickstartandlargescale”.Thefactthattheonewhooffersthelowestbiddingpricewillwinthespecialdevelopmentrightsmakedevelopersnottoconsidercurrentprojectbenefit,“enclosemarketsharesbymakingpreemptiveinvestments”and“occupywindenergyresources”.Temptedbytheirrationalinvestmentimpulsion,developersintentionallypulleddowntheirbidrosssubsidization,,evingdiversifiedwindpowerdevelopment,introducinginvestmentthroughmarketmechanismanden,mostenterprisesfailtoimprovetheirowntechnologyanddontownthekeytechnologyWithhugemarketdemandforwindpowerequipmentsandmanufacturingcapacity,Chinanowhasdevelopedacompleteindustrychainforwindpowerequismore,Chinahasmasteredthebasicproducingtechnologyofmegawattwindturbineandcanbatchproducenon-keypartssuchasblade,,localenterprisesinChinahaventmasteredthekeytechnologyinwindturbinedesign,largewindturbinebearing,s,,,intheinternationalmarket,windturbinecontrolsystemoccupieslessthan8%swindturbinecontrolsystemisbasicallyimportedfromDenmarkandAustria,notonlyourcostsaremorethandoubled,butth,lackingnormalmanagementmeasuresforwindpowerfarmconnection,productstandard,certificationandsupervisionAlthoughwindpowerdevelopsrapidlytheseyears,obviouslyitlagsbehsRepublicofChinahasexcessivelylooseregulationsonwindpowergridconnection,whichdoesntmetificationsystemonwindpowerequipmentsintime,hydevelopmentofwindpowerindustry,connectionmanagementmeasuresofwindpowerfarm,whichadaptstoChinesepowergridcharacteristicsandlargewindpowergeneration,werstandards,whichisu,certificationisnotmandatory,,DenmarkandIndia,relevantcertificationinwindpowerfieldismandatory,andallwindturbinescant,butpromotestechnologyaccumulationandrealizethedestinatitprovidemodelparametersnowandareunabletomeettherequiremenrgescale,ifrelevanttechnologystandardswerenotperfectedandhealthycertificationsupervisionsystemwerenotimproved,windpowermarketfloodinglotsofbad-qualityequipmentswouldbringcatastrophicresult. 

      ByHouYongzhiLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"StudyonStrategiesandPolicyforUrbanizationwithChineseCharacteristics",theDRCResearchReportNo131,surbanization,whichhasbeenrisingonepercentagepointannuallyoverthreedecades,willcontinuetoadvanceatfairlyfastspeedinthenextdecadeTherearetworeasons.(1)TheChines,ChinaspercapitaGDPwasabout3,260dollars,,itseconomicgrowthwillsomewhatslowdownifcomparedwiththepreviousthreedecades,ralindustriesintheurbanareaswillinevitablyprovidethepeasantswithmoreopportunitiestofindempl,urbanizationwillcontinuetomoveaheadinstepwitheconomicgrowth.(2)Thenumerousruralpopulationandthelimitedarab,Chinastillhad720millionruralresidents,,oderncivilizedlife,surbanizationwillcontinuetodeveloprapidlyfrom12thFive-YearPlanperiodto2020butspeedwillbeslowerthaninpastdecade,andacc,Chinaasawholewillcontinuetomaintainarelativelyhigheconomicgrowthrateandtherewillcontinuetobearelativel,China,thecostofurbanizationwillconti,whichisgenerallyusedbytheacademiccommunity,toforecastthetrendofChina(1)Thepeakleveloftheurbanizationrateisdeterminedbythediverseconditionsofeacheconomy.(2)Theurbaniza,thesecondisastageofrapidrise,andthethirdisagainastageofslowrise,,wealsopresumethattheexi,wefirstofallneedtosetthepeakvalueforChinaostcountries,theirurbanizationratescannotreach100%andwillreachabalanceataspecificlevel,,therearealwayssomeproductionactivities(suchasfarmingandmining),whenproductionactivitiesaretoocentralized,theirefficiency,withthechangesinthedevelopmentstagesandthelivingstandardsandwiththeimprovementinthecommunicationandtransportconditions,decentralizedres,ade-urbanizationphenomenonfeaturingadeclineinth,becausedifferentcountrieshavedifferentresourcesandenvironmentanddifferentpopulationsizes,th,thehistoricalexperienceofthe24high-incomeOECDcountriesindicatesthatthechangeintheurbanizationratewasrelativelysmallinthepastthreedecadesforLuxemburg,Finland,Belgium,Germany,Austria,Greece,%,%,%,%,66%,59%,%%.Thelowestwas59%%,,GermanyandBritainaremoremeaningful,%%.Furthermore,theexperienceofthedevelopedcountriesindicatesthattheriseinacountrysurbanizationratecanbegenerallyregardedasariseinthelevelofitsmodernizationandanincreaseofitspopulationenjoying,thechangeintheurbanizationratecannolongerbeusedasanindicatortoreflec,Chinascurrenturbanizationrateisstillinsufficientandwestillhavetotakeahigherurbaniionallevel,,Chinasscarcelandresourcesandsharpman-landco,Ch,,evenifChinacontinuestoincreaselandandcapitalinputs,thelaborintensityospopulationengagedinagriculturalp,theagriculturalpopula,asChinaspopulationsizeisextremelylarge,thetotalsizeofitsurbanpopulationwillalsobemuchlargerthantheordinarycountrieswhentheyhavethesameurbanizationrates,andthecostofpopulationconce,theadventofthepointofdynamicequilibriumbetweenChinasurbanandruralpopu,webelievethataconservativeestimationwillputthepeakvalueofChinasurbanizationrateat75%~80%andahigherestimationwillputthevalueat80%~85%.Therefore,ifweusefivepeakvaluesof100%,85%,80%,75%and70%toforecastthelogisticequationforChina%,,thepeakvalueof80%isusedasthebasescenario.ByShiYaodong,,sfasteconomicgrowth,theinternalandexternalenvironment,an"infinitelaborsupply"and"lowcostcompetition"rttheprocenurbanandruralareasaredeviatingfromtheaimsofdevelopment,,thetradeclimate,thefinancialsystemandotherdestabilizingfactorsaremakingitmoreandmoredifficultfortheChineseecono,itmustfindanewdevelopmentpath,formanewdevelopmentimpetus,fost"infinitelaborsupply"and"lowcostcompetition"Halfacenturyago,ArthurLewis,EconomistoneconomicgrowthanddevelopmentandNobelPrizewinner,introducedthetheoryofeconomicgrowthundertheconditionof"infinitelaborsupply".Henotedthatbeforeachievingmodernization,thedevelopingcountrieswiththetypicalcharacteristicsof"dualisteconomy"couldhaveaninfinitelaborsupplyatasubsistencewagelevelforaconsiderablylongtime,whichwouldhelprealizelong-termeconomicgrowth(ArthurLewis,1954).BecauseofChinaseconomicrestructuringandsystemevolutionthatbeganfromtheruralareas,thesurpluslaborthathadlongbeenconfinedtothelow-efficientagriculturalsectorhasbeengr"infinitesupply"oflaborandamodelof"lowcostcompetition"(LiuShijing,2005).Asaresult,Chinasuccessfullyachievedaneconomictakeoff,%,,however,thediversefactorsthatconstitutedtheChineseeconomicmodelof"lowcostcompetition"begantochangequietly:First,thelaborpriceintheeastcoastalregionbegantorisegraduallyduetotheco-actionofdiversefactors,includingthechangeinthelabormarketsupply-demandrelation,thegradualdisappearanceof"populationdividend",theriseinthecomparativeadvantageofag,laborshortagebegantospreadfromthehigh-qualifiedlabormarket(skilledworkers)totheordinarylabormarket(laborers),2008whichfurtherstandardizedthelegalrelationsbetweenlaborandmanagement,,thetightercontroloverthelanduseforconstructionpurpose,theintroductionofthesystemonbasicfarmlandprotectionandthereformofthelandtender,auctionandlistingsyst,,whilethedemandforimportedcrudeoil,ironoreandotherimportantresourcescontinuedtorisedrastically,,theirCIFpriceswentupsharplyyearafteryearandinturnpushedupthepricesoffinishedoilproducts,,themarketsupplyofcoal,finishedoilproducts,electricityandotherenergyproductshasexperiencedfrequentshortages(coalshortage,oilshortageandelectricityshortage)duetothecoactionofthefactorssuchastherisingdemands,theincreaseinupstreamcosts,theinsufficienttransportcapacities,theadjustmentofcontrolledprices,,thecostofenvironmentalprotection,longregardedasanexogenousvariableofeconomicgrowth,hasbeengradually"internalized"byenterprisesbecausethegovernmenthasstrengthenedintegratedenvironmentprotectionaccordingtolaw(suchascollectingdepositfundsforecologicalenvironmentcompensationandintensifyingpunishmentonenvironmentalviolations).Six,theacceleratedrevaluationoftheChinese,2005,theyuanhasrevaluatedbyatotalof20%.Thishasbroughtanextre,theChineseeconomyinevitablybidfarewelltotheperiodof"infinitelaborsupply"andtheeraof"lowcostcompetition"gesInrecentyears,theChineseeconomyhaspaidahighpriceintheformsofresourceconsumptionandenvironmentaldeteriorationformaintainingatwo-digitgrowthrate.—sgrossdomesticproduct(GDP)%oftheglobaltotal,itsshareofglobalconsumptionis31%forrawcoal,30%forironore,27%forsteelproducts,25%foraluminumoxideand40%stotalenergyconsumptionforper10,000-yuanGDPisthreetimestheaverageleveloftheworld,,,sdomesticsupplyofsomeimportantmineralresourceshasbeenonthedecline,withthecrudeoilsimportdependencyapproaching50%.—ngindustries,theChineseeconomyhasdemonstratedatypicalinverseEnvironmentalKuznetsCurve(EKC).Landdesertification,waterpollution,pasture,naturaldisasterandextreme-climaticincidentshavebecomemorefrequent,thegreenhousegasemissionhasbeenrisingrapidly,thecoal-basedenergystructurehasaggravatedthespreadofacidraincoverage,,thedegradationoftheenvironmentandthelifeofpovertyhavefailedtomoveoutoftheirviciouscircles.LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqun,,theChineseeconomymaintainedasteadyandrapiddevelopment,withcontroloverdemandbeingfurtherimproved,supplyfurtherenhanced,aggregatebalancecontinuallyameliorateda,:productionandcirculationofagriculturalandfoodproductscouldnotadapttotheeconomicdevelopmentandtotheimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard;integrationofexcessl(1),theGrossDomesticProduct(GDP)amountedto24,,%overlastyear,;%,%,%%,,withgrainyieldtopping1,000billionjin,,pigproductionwasbeingresumedandthetotaloutputofpork,beef,muttonandpoultrymeatcontinuedtoincrease.(2)Coordinationineconomic,thefixedassetinvestmentinthewholesocietyamountedto13,,%fromayearago,;consumptionincreasedfast,withthetotalretailvolumeofthesocialconsumergoodsduringthewholeyearamountingto8,921billionyuan,%overthepreviousyear,;adownwardadjustmentofexportgrowthwascarriedoutfromahigherlevel,andtheexportsinforeigntradereachedUS$1218billionduringthewholeyear,%,,thedemandstructureshowedanevidentchangefrombeingdrivenmainlybyinvestmentandexporttobeingpropelledbyconsumption,investmentandexport.(3),theindustrialenterprisesabovedesignatedsizeacrossChinarealizedaprofitof2,,%year-on-year;during2002-2006,profitsofenterpriseswitnessedanaverageannualincreaseof35%~2006,increaseinfinancialrevenuesinthesameyearswentupfrom500billionyuantonearly770billionyuan,andin2007thefinancialrevenuetopped5000billionyuan,withanetincreaseof1,000billionyuan.(4)%orsoascomparedtolastyear,andtotaldischargingvolumeofbothsulphurdioxideandchemicaloxygendemandsawadeclineforthefirsttimeinrecentyears.(5),theper-capitadisposableincomeofurbanandtownshipresidentsreached13,786yuan,%fromayearago,afterallowingforpricerise,%,,140yuan,%overlastyear,afterallowingforpricerise,%,,with200,000morethanin2006;attheendof2007,%,heeconomicperformanceof2007,ctjudgmentofthesituations,conducestosummingupexperienceanddrawinglessonsandisfavorableforenhancingthegovernment’sforesightinmacro-regulation.(1)RiseinhouseholdconsumerpriceswasthestructuralinflationcausedbyriseinsomefoodpricesIn2007,%,yearonyear,%.Peoplebecamemoreworriedabouttheeconorapideconomicgrowththatledtoasharppricerise,(Seetablebelow)thatamongtheex-factorypricesoftheindustrialproducts,growthofpriceindexesofthemeansofproductioncontinuedtodecline,whilepriceindexesofthemeansofsubsistencecloselyrelatedtofoodproductscontinuedtogoupand,asfoodproductsoccupiedasmallerproportioninallsocialproducts,theex-factorypriceindexesoftheindustrialproducts(includingpriceindexesofmeansofproductionandpriceindexesofmeansofsubsistence),non-foodpriceindexesmaintainedagrowthrateof1%orso,remainingstable;foo(inthesamemonth,yearonyear,%)FromJanuary-December2007 

    澳门网上威尼斯线上正网黄志龙:民企逆势加杠杆的三大驱动力加杠杆驱动力民营企业 HanJunResearchReportNo42,RuralmigrantworkersareaspecialconceptduringthetransformationofChinaseconomicsociety,referringtothosewhohaveruralresidencerdtertiaryindustriesincountiesandthetrans-regionalmigrantworkers,whereasruralmigrantworke,plusrurallaborersworkingatthelocaltownshipenterprises,economiesandacceleratingindustrializationandurbanization.contradictionsbetweensupplyanddemandhavebecomemoreandmoreconspicuous  Intermsoftotalnumber,atpresent,,among490millionrurallaborers,,agriculturecallsforabout180millionperenniallaborers,thus,thereareover100millionsurpluslaborersinruralareaswhoaremainlymiddle-a,,thestructuralco%during1985~%%,supplyofskilledtechnicalworkersonChina’,ashortageofgenerallabo,suchashortageevenbecamemoreserious,particularlyinthePearlRiverDeltaarea,thesoutheasternpartofFujianProvinceandthesoutheasternpartofZhejiangP,thetaskforceundertheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheS,municipalitiesandregions,20citiesattheprefecturallevel,57citiesatthecountylevel,166townshipsand2,%ofthevillagesthoughtthatalmostallhealthyandcapableadultlaborerswereoutforwork,%,76%%respectivelyinChina’seastern,%seastern,centralandwesternregions,%,beingthelowest,%,thesecondlowest,%,a,butthrough20-oddyears’incessantlaborshifting,pectiveofanaggregatenumber,instead,weshould"supplyexceedingdemand"to"asurplusyetinadequatesupply"."Surplus"meansthesupplystillexceedsdemandwhenthetotalnumberoflaborersismeasuredbytheworkingtime;whereas"inadequate"meansthesupplyofyounkersandthereturnofruralmigrantworkerstotheirhometownsisobviouslyacceleratingAtendencyshowsthatflowsofrurallaborersareontheincreaseinChinaandtha,orkersAffairsoftheStateCouncilandthetaskforceofResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyoftheStateCouncilinover100demonstrationcountiesforlabortransferacrossChina,from2000to2006,thenumberofruralmigrantworkersleavingtheircountiesforjobsincreasedby7%annuallyandtheratioofrurallaborersw%.Thenumbe%%nregionstootherprovincesforemploymentsurpassedthenumberofpeoplebeingemployedlocally.Aslabor-intensiveindustriesineconomicallydevelopedcoastalareashavequickenedtheirshifttowardcentralandwesternregions,andasconditionsfordevelopmentincentralandwesternregionshaveimproved,moreandmoreruralmigrantworkersarereturningtotheirhometownsfor100laborservicedemonstrationcounties,thefarmerswhoreturnedtotheirhometownsin2006accountedfor23%oftotalruralmigrantworkersandmadeup10%toffbyrural%ofdedjobopportunitiesto38peopleonaverageandthenumberoftheenterprisersandpeopleemployedbythemaccountedfor18%,wehavepreliminarilyfiguredoutthatthenumberofruralmigrantworkerswhoreturnedtostarttheirownbusinessestotaledabout8million,osewhoreturnhomeandfarmoreruralmigrantworkerschoosetomigratetootherplacesforsurvivalthanthosewhofindjobslocally,anewpatternofruralmigrantworkersemployedinurbanareasorseekingjobsorstartingbusinessesintheirhometownsisbeginningtotakeshape.——SurveyonProjectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"inHandanCityByWangHui,InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourceofDRC,JinSanlin,ResearchInstituteofRuralEconomyofDRCJiangHaoduan,,tmanyoflandresources,whichha,atpresent,thenumberoftheda,accountingfor11%,,in2005,theoutputofrawcoalisabout2billiontons,ited,thereclamationoftheabandonedminingareasissignificbytheMinistryofLandandResources,,accountingfor11%,therateofnationallandreclaimedis12%,whichisfarlessthanthatofover50%’hearablelandisanimportantmeasurestoimplementscientificviewofdevelopment,adheretothemoststri,developcycledeconomy,establisheconomicsociety,andpromotetheall-roundcoelopmentandConsolidationPlanin2003,listing,,consideringlocalfeatures,somelocalgovernmentshavemadealotofachievementsandacquiredexperiencesthroughstudyingandimple,theprojectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"promotedbyHandanCityhasmadegreateffectsinpromotingthereclamationofabandonedminingareas,raisingtheefficiencyoflanduse,,,gicalsituationwithdesertedland,environmentaldeteriorationinminingareas,,withcloseupofpartialmineresources,regulationofminingindustry,andadjustmentofminingindustrystructure,miningindustry,economizeandutilizelandresourcesinminingareas,HandancityhasinvestedmorethanRMB100millionyuansince2003,andimplementedtheintegratedregulationprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".,andhasgainedpositiveeconomicbenefits,:Firstly,rcesdepartment,HandanCityhasmadeouttheintegratedregulationimplementationplanof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",stickingtothepolicythat"theonewhoreclaimsgainbenefits",,,onmentinalltheclosed-upminesintwoyears.Secondly,,HandanCityhasestablishedthemulti-channelinvestmentsystemwithself-raisedfundsbybeneficiaryunitsasthemajorway,andotherinvestmentassupplement,bri,thatis,nationallandresourcesdepartmentsubsidizesRMB15thousandyuanforthereclamationofeveryonehectareofland,withresourcesreservefundsaslaunchingcapitalfortheproject,andlocalgovernment,individualsandcollectivesareeffe,"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",HandanCityhassetoutandformulatedvariouskindsofregulationmodes,suchasturningwasteresidueandabandonedareasintoland,forcultivation,.Thesefeaturedmodesofreclamation,havemaximallyutilizedvariousabandonedlandbymines,andminimizedthecostofreclamation,whichhavenotonlyeffectivelyimprovedtheecologicalenvironmentoftheminingareas,,rectifyingtheorder,"threeregulations"thatmustbeoperatedsimultaneously—thecombinationofregulatingdisorderandregulatingmessy,thecombinationofrectificationandconformity,andthecombin,regulatingdisordermeanstostrictlysuperviseillegalactionintermsofprospectingandminingwithoutlicense,orbeyondthepermittedareas;regulatingmessymeanstoformulateandimplementtheplanofintegratingallthemineresourcesinHandanCity,optimizeandmakeall-roundadjustmentinthelayoutoftheminingfield,andtopromotetheexplorationandutilizationofresources;seekingpermanentsolutiontotheproblemsmeanstointensifythemanagementofminingrights,drivethecommercializationofminingrights,andpromotetheestablishmentofgreenminestargetingtheprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".Besides,intheprocessofreclamationoftheabandonedlandbymines,basingonoverallsituationofregionaleconomicdevelopment,startingfromindustrialtransformationfortheminingcity,andsolvingproblemsrelatedtominingindustry,mines,miningcityandminers,HandanCityhasexploredthenewtrainsofthoughtsinreclaimingabandonedlandbymines,andformulated"planofoptimizingtheregulationoflandforminesandlayoutofcitylandforconstruction".Throughregulationanddisplacementofabandonedlandbymines,underthepreconditionofassuringthetotalareaoffarmland,guaranteeingthequality,andmaintainingthetotalnumberoflandforconstruction,HandanCityhasoptimizedlanddistribution,,itisworthyofdrawinglessonsfromtheplan’srationalityandfeasibility....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Thef,,%,yearonyear,,,%,;,%,,,%yearonyear;,%.Byindustry,theinvestmentintheprimary,%,%%,,%yearonyear;theinvestment,%;theinvestmentinoilandgasexploitingindustriesreached96billionyuan,%;,%;theinves,%;theinvestmentintheexcavating,smelting,,%;andtheinvestmentintheexcavating,smelting,,%.Byregion,urbaninvestmentofChina%,%%.Theinvestmentininfrastructurefacilities(exclusiveofelectricpower)%,%,%andtheinvestmentinwaterconservancy,%;theinvestmentinpublichealth,%;andtheinvestmentincultural,%.

      ZhangYongsheng,,2007China,,theconsumerpriceindex(CPI)%,%higheryear-on-year,andthetradesurplusreachedarecordhighofUS$,%,theassetpricesonstockmarketandrealestatemarkethaverisenexcessivelyfast,theproblemofexcessliquidityhasbecomeevermoreprominent,theforeignexchangereservehasbeenverylargeandhasrepeatedlypostednewrecordhighs,andtheRMBhasfacedastrong,manypina,China,Chinamustfundamentallytransform,asfastaspossibleandattheminimumcost,itsimbalancedgrowthmodeintoabalancedone,,thequalityofitseconomicgrowthwillbesignificantlyimproved,sMacroeconomicProblemsThedirectcausesofChina,Chinahasforlongimplementedaseriesofpoliciesonexchangerate,foreigntrade,tariffandexportrebatetoencouragesbalanceofpayments,bothcurrentaccountandcapitalaccounthavepostedsurplus,andtradesurplushasbeenoneofthemaindrivingforcesforChina,thenetexportgrowthcontributedabout20%tothecountry"doublesurplus"inthebalanceofpaymentshasmadeitdifficultf,theassetpricesonthestockandrealestatemarketshavecontinuouslyrisen,theforeignexchangereservehasbecomeincreasinglylarger,uge"doublesurplus",,thefarthertheexchangerate,theamountofforeignexchangereserve,thebalanceofpaymentsandassetpriceswilldeviatefromtheirequilibriumlevels,,Chinais,atalargeextent,currentlyproducingaccordingtothedcturingsectorisfarhigherthanrequiredbytherealdomesticdemandandtheshareofthesexport-orientedstratilizingthecomparativeadvantageofcheaplabor,ChinasmanufacturingsectorandinparticulartheexportprocessingindustrywithsuppliedmaterialshaveplayedkeyrolesinturningChinaintoa"worldfactory".Ontheotherhand,theserviceindustryhasbeenvisiblyunderdeveloped,,ChinasimportdemandisunlikelytoriseconomicstructureremainsunchangedandifthenetexportfallsdrasticallyallofasuddenduetoasharpappreciationofRMBorotherreasons,thedomesticdemandwillbeunabletos,afallintheeconomicgrowthrate,cturewereoutofbalancewasboundtoinduceacoexistenceofdeflationandshortagesofgoodsorservices(theproductsofthemonopolisticsectorssuchaseducation,medicalcareandtransportationwillbeinshortsupply).emarketequilibriumlevel,,indeed,canincreasesomeimportsthroughmassprocurements,butthismovewillbegrosslyinadequatetoeaseChina,themodeofexport-orientedgrowthwasuniversallyadoptetandimportsubstitutionandusedtariff,sentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization,Chinasfasteconevelopment,overemphasizingtheso-calledcomparativeadvantagesofteninducedthestatestouseexchangerate,foreigntrade,tariff,excessivelyl,thecomparativeadvantagesplayeda"self-fulfilling",someindustriesthatoriginallydidnothavecomparativeadvantagescametopossesstheso-calledcomparativeadvantageswhencomparedwithotherindustriesandassuchChinabecameacheap"worldfactoryofmanufacturedgoods".sin,wecanregardthemodeofgovernment-ledexport-orientedgrowthasamixtureofthemercantilisminthe16th~18thcenturiesandthestateinterventionismandplannedecon(orregions)inAsiathatadoptedthismodeofexport-orientedgrowthandscoredeconomictakeoffall(suchastheKoreanwonandJapaneseyen)thathadbeenundervaluedin,itisimp,,however,thecountryispassivelyhijackedbythisstraditiontopursuegovernment-ledeconomicdevelopmentforalongperiodofplannedeconomy,tseconomicdevelopmentstepsuptoanewstage,,themodeofeconomicdevelopmentChinahasadoptedsin,ChinamayrepeattheburstoftheJapanesebubbleeconomyanditseconomicdevelopmentmayexperiencemajorsetbacks.Datasource:China’sRuralStatisfthatofthesocietyasawhole,includingsocialold-ageinsurance,socialmedicalinsurance,socialreliefandspecialpension,,%ofthevillagesinGuannanandJiangyinofJiangsuProvincewithgoodeconomicconditionshaveparticipatedinruralcooperativemedicalsystem;zation,managementandservicesocialurance,thethreepartiesofthestate,thecollectiveandhousehold(individual)efitandplacementaremainlyhandledbythegovernmentdepartmentsatalllevels;atthesametime,gener,farmersarenolongerrestrernmentsatvariouslevelsstartingfrom1998hasgraduallyestablishedastatemanagementsystemfeaturinginsuitableuniformmanagementandsocialsecuritysystem,inwhichlaborandsocialsecuritydepartmentsmakeuniformmanagementonthenationalsocialsecurityaffairs;andthecivilaffairsdepart,,withitstypical“SunanModel”()characterizedby“familysecurityasthebasis,communitysecurityasthecore,andcommercialinsuranceasthesupplement”.ThegovernmenthassetupaManagementCommitteeforRuralSocialOld-ageInsuranceFund,shedtod,15,030ruralresidentswerenewlycoveredbyruralsocialold-ageinsurancesystem,%.Intermsoftheincomeandexpenses,thesocialsecuritydepartmentsattownshipleveladoptafull-responsibilitymethodof“managementexpenseslefttothetown,inwhichthegapwillbesubsidizedbytownfinance”,a’sruralsocialsecuritysystemhasmaderemarkableprogresssincenewChinawasfounded,itstilllagsbehindpeople’,,regionalsocialsecurityprojects,suchasruralsocialold-ageinsuranceandruralsocialmedicalinsurance,coveronlylessthan10%ofruralpopulation;andsocialrelief,veteranbenefitandplacementandsocialwelfare(resthomesandthesystemforprovidingfood,clothing,medialcare,housingandburialexpensesforchildlessandinfirmruralresidents)arequitelimited,,small-scopeandnarrow-coverageruralsocialsecuritycannotmeettheneedsofruralsocialdevelopmentThemainformsofChina’sruralsocialsecurityareruralsocialrelief,socialspecialpension,rural“fiveguarantees”andruralsocialold-ag“fiveguarantees”,,ruralsecurityprojectsmainlyconsistsofsocialreliefandsocialspecialpension,urance,work-relatedinjuryinsuranceandchild-bearinginsuranceaccountforlessthan5%nlycarriedoutinafewareas,conflictingwiththelawandregulationsthanyinsurancesaccountforalmost50%ofthetotalsamplenumbers(Table2),whilet%,mostofwhomhavedonesooutofthefarmers’(%) 


      ByZhangChenghui,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo030,hmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemhasbeenstudiedforoveradecade,buttherehasbeennosubsTheargumentshavefocusedonthefollowingissues.(1)Iscatastropheinsuranceapolicy-orientedorcommercialsystemHowdowedefinethegovernmentfunctionsinacatastropheinsurancesystemDoesthegovernmentthatestablishesacatastropheinsurancesystemhavetocontributefundsandifsoinwhatwaytomakecontributionsAretheinsurancecompaniesengagedincatastropheinsuranceandthegeneralpublicpurchasingcatastropheinsuranceentitledtopo,ranceandthatexcessdependenceongovernmentsupportmeansthisinsuranceisequivalenttoadirectfiscaldisasterreliefandthesystemdesignwillbecomemeaningless.(2)HowdothegovernmentdepartmentscoordinatewitheachotherWhichgovernmentdepartmentshouldexerciseleadershipoverestablishingcatastropheinsuran,theinsuranceregulatorydepartment,thecivilaffairsdepartment,theprofessionalmanagementdepartments(suchasthoseinchargeofearthquakeadministration,meteorologicaladministration,oceanicadministrationandtheMinistryofWaterResources),theNationalDisasterReductionCommission,disciplinesanddepartments,itrequiresnotonlyclearguidelinesandreliabledesigns,,itwilllacktherequiredauthorityandabilitytocoordinate;butifanadministrativeinstitutionoftheStateCouncildoesthejob,snationalconditionsManyofthepastresearchesaredevotedtothei,,designedforaspecificcatastropheorfordiversecatastrophesShoulditcoverthewholecountryorbeginwithjustoneprovinceHowtoensurethesystemtobebothscientificandoperableWhichoperationalmodelandriskdiversificationmodeshacatastrophefundorthemodelofacatastrophereinsurancecompanyandshoulditendowthereycountriesindicatethatthecoretasksofaca,andtheiroperationshavematuremodels,includingthenonprofitinstitutionalgovernancestructure,,,manyofthemhavebecomeadministrativeonesandhaveastrongimpulseforself-expansio,,whattypeofinstitutionsshouldexerciseleadershipoverthecatastropheinsurancesystemWhiledirectgovernmentmanagementisapparentlyimproper,for-profitcoanagementinstitutionisestablishedtodothejob,howcanweeffectivelycontainitsimpulseforscaleexpansionandrationallycontrolitsoperatingcostsoastomakethecatastropheinsurdingtoChinasnationalconditionsComparedwithothercountries,Chinahassomeuniquecharacteristics,,Chinaisavastcountry,,Sichuan,Qinghai,Tibetandotherplacesinthewestregiona,rainstorms,mudflowsandothernaturaldisastersthathitt,notonlythegeneralpublichasahighacceptanceofinsuranceproducts,butalsohasagreatercapacitytoadoptadvanceddisasterprevent,asthedevelopedregionshaveahighpopulationdensityandahighassetsvalue,,wecannotsimplyc,wecannotintroduceuniformfeerate,weshoulddesignascientificandrationalcatastropheinsurance,theinsuranceindustryasawholeisunderdeveloiseforcatastropheriskmanagementmakesitimpossibletomobilizethe,thepublicpreparednessfornaturaldisastersisverylow,theinfrastructurefordisasterpreventionandlossreductionisunavailable,andsomemeasuresfo,Chinafindsitdifficulttorelyoncommercial,whichhasauthorityandcoordinatingability,shouldexerciseleadershipovertheestablishmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemandshoulde,,skdiversification,,itisnecessarytoadoptacompulsoryorsemi-compulsorymarketingapproach.ChenDaofu,,2008I.ThreeFactorsDrivetheSurgeofStockMarketandRealEstateMarketinChinaInrecenttwoyears,thepricesuinassetsCurrently,itiscommonlyrecogni,excessliquidityisoneofthenecessary,fundsupportdoesnotnecessarilydriveupasset,yetduetovariousreasons,thest,slightgrowthtookonin2002buthugepriceincreasedidn,weshouldunderstandthat,ratherthancompletelydetachedfromeachother,icted,,,onlyasmallpartofcreditisdirectlycreatedbypriceriseinstockmarketasleveragemeasureshaventbeenintroducedintoChinesestockmarket,eventherearesomecredittransactionswhichviolateregulation,thepriceriseinrealestatemarketwillacceleratecreditexpansionofbankandcreatemoreliquidity,asmortgageis,,pricesurgeinassetsandliquiditycreationconstituteaninteractiveprocess,,,bankcreditisexpandedmainlyonthebasisofassetsinsociety(securedloan).Inrecentyears,theexpansionofnon-credita,ions,theliquidityinsocietywillbegreatlyincreasedthrougheitherraisin,particularlythepricesurgeinstockmarket,ismainlytheresultofadjustmenttocitizensfinancialassetsdistribution,orrathertheresultofstructuraladjustmenttofundsstockOverthelongrun,,,awaredeposit,stockmarketinChinachieflyreflectsthere-distributionofresidentsastandistheresultofst,inspiteofbolsteringthepriceriseinrealestateandstocks,ity,becausethepri,wecannotthereforecometotheone-to-sinsociety,causinghugefluc,assetspricewillfallandexertinfluenceontherealeconomy.ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceoftheDRCResearchReportNo130,arandthebeginningof2010,underthepressureofexcessmoneysupplyathome,therealestatepricessurgedup,thesystematiclocaldebtrisksbecameconspicuous,qualityofbankassetswas,itisimmi,thegov,%%inthesecond,,accordingtopredictionsbymanyinstitutions,GDPgrowthwillcontinuetodeclineduringthethirdandfourthquartersandislikelytogodowntolessthan9%,,presentingagrowth-declinetrendItisattributabletothegrowthbaseoflastyearandismainlyasaresultformancetobecomestablewithinashortperiodoftime,namelytherealestatepolicy,therectificationoflocalfinancingplatf,,afactorthatcannotbeneglectedisthatthenewloanmanagementmodelof"ThreeMeasuresandOneGuidance"enactedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommissionhasevidentlyreducedthederivedfactor,thusplayingtheroleasdoesthe,intermsoffutureeconomicperformance,despitethequarterlyslowdownandthegrowthfollowedbydeclinetrend,thepredictionmadebyalargenumberofChineseandforeigninstitutionsoverthepreviousperiodoftimeisthattheeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearwillstillbeabletoremainbetween9%~10%(%%byOECD).CPIwillrisetoitsmaximuminthethirdquarter,~,thusafailureofcontrolwillnotappear(Recently,someinstitutions,suchasGoldmanSachsGroup,aregraduallybringingdowntheirCPIpredictiveindicatorsforthewholeyear).Itshouldbementionedthatthepresentdevelopmenttrendisapositiveresultofthe,reflectingthechangeofthemo,nextyeartheyear,theeconomicfailurewillbelittlepossibleonthewholeduringthisyear,whichhasrelativelyprovidedarare,policiesforthelatterhalfoftheyearshouldstillbefocusedonthemacro-controlmeasuresimplementedduringthefirsthalfandontheprincipleof"continuity,stability,flexibilityandpertinence"putforw,closeattentionshouldbepaidtothechangeofsituationandtherhythmandintensityofmacro-controlshouldbehandledproperlytocontinuallyadvancethechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelop,%,thecentralbankinthebegi,%.Sucharateofincrease,asitshows,isnotslowandthemonetarypolicyismoderatelyeasy,becauseduringthe5yearsfrom2004~2008,GDPunde%.IftheGDPgrowthratereaches9%orsothisyear,thegrowthrateofloanswillbefiv,eformof"bank-trustco-operation",thefinancialvolumethrough"bank-trustco-operation",wemustexercisesupervisionoversuchcooperation,becausewehavehadpenedinpreviousyearsresultedallfromthenegligenceofthemarketfig,,toguardagainsttheunnecessaryadverseimpactcausedbytheonce-and-for-allincreaseofinterestratesonthemarketduringthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowth,wecannotdobetterthanboosttheinterestrateliberalizationatthisfavorablemomenttobringupthedepositratestoamoderatelevel(Banksarevirtuallybringinguptheratesindisguisedform).Inviewoftheexchangeratepolicy,responseshavecomefavorablyfromhome,weshouldputintopracticetheofficiallyclaimedreformoftheexchangeratesystemaccordingtorelevantplanningaftermakingpropertransewholeaswellasfavorthesteadydevelopmentofChina’sforeigntradeandthegradualadvancementofitsstructuraladjustment. 

    澳门网上威尼斯线上正网聚焦政协贵阳市第十二届委员会第三次会议 ByLiaoYingminRenXingzhou,InstituteofMarketEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo109,(1)TherealestatemarketbottomsoutFromJanuarytoAugust2009,theareaofnationwidesoldnewly-builtcommercialhousingwas494,160,000m2,%overthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,%,theareaofnationwidesoldcommercialhousingofthefirstquarterwas113,000,000m2,%lativelywell,whichshowspartofac,however,thecommercialhousingtransactionamountsawaparoxysmalincrease,andthetransactionamountofsomelarge-sizedandmedium-sizedhouseswithrelativelyhightotalpriceincreasedrapidly,,000,000m2(thatofJunewas94,650,000m2),(Table1).Atthesametime,ndShanghaiincreasedrespectivelyby186%and187%overthepreviousyear,higherthantheleveloftheyear2008;,especiallyinSeptember,housingtransactionamountofsomebigcitieslikeBeijingandShanghaidecreasedasdeflationpolicylikehighRegions(2009)

      ByLiGuoqiang,EnterpriseResearchInstituteoftheDRCResearchReportNo171,2010BoththePlanfortheRejuvenationoftheLogisticsIndustryandthe2010~2015PlanfortheDevelopmentofLogisticInformationTechnologyhavefocusedonthesocializationoflogisticsbusiness,thespecializationofbusinessoperation,theinformatizationofo,thefirstdealswithmultimodaltransportandtransialtransportisanimportantcomponentpartofrejuvenatingthelogisticsindustryanddransportinChinaandtheaddressingofsomeoftheprominentissuesfacingChinasmodernlogisticsindustry,especiallythelowoveralllevelandthehighoverallcost,isofdemonstrationsignificance,sMultimodalContainerTransportRecentyearshavewitnessedarapiddevelopmentofChina,000kilometersofdouble-deckcontainerpassages(whichcanbeextendedto20,000kilometers),18railwaycontainercentralstations,andmanycontainerhandlingstations,Chinahasmadeb,Ltd.(CRCT)hasbuilt18containercentralstationsacrossthecountry,whichhavethefacilitiesandfunctionsfortraintransport,loading,unloading,moving,warehousing,distribution,one-stopdoubleinspection,andinformationservice,andcouldprovidewarehousing,loading,unloading,packing,distribution,(twentyfootequivalentunit),cospecializedaccordingtointernationalstandards,andaytransporthasbecom,inwhichtwoo,,,multimodaltransporttakescontainerastransportunitsandintegratesdiffe,one-timecharging,one-timebilling,andone-timeinsurance,:withoneticketforthewholeprocess,a,,ithasbecomeanewandimportantmodeforinternationalcontainertransportandhdaconferenceinMay1980,atwhichtheUnitedNati,,theMinistryofRailwaysandtheMinistryofCommunicationsjointlypromulgatedtheRegulationtainertransport,develo,itenactedtheIntermodalSurfaceTransportationEfficiencyAct(1991,ISTEA),itenactedtheTransportationEquityActforthe21stCentury(TEA-21)topromoteandcoordinatemultimodaltransportintermsofmechanism,(1992),theBritishWhitePaperonTransport(1998)andtheJapaneseIntegratedPlanforLogisticsPolicies(1997)allprovidedvastdevelopmentspacetofullytaptheoverallefficiencyofmultimodalc,,creatingahighly-efficientorganizationalformformultimodalcontain"seamlessconnection",inspection,taxation,exchangesettlement,taxrebate,accountsettlement,(CAVELogistics),madeupof55smallandmedium-sizedtransportenterprises,increaseditsproductivityby30%anditsnewconsumersby80%andreducedtransportcostby25%,reduceinventory,reducecargodamageandotheraccidents,,safe,reliable,convenientandenvironment-friendlyandcanprovidetranspo,itcanplayatangibleroleineleentirecargotransportchafairlyhighratiooftransportearningsfromthewholeprocessofcargotransportandcanhelpintroducenewandadvancedtransporttechnologies.ByLinZeyan,,2007Ingeneral,thoseworkinginChinasstate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutionsandgovernmentdepartmentsarecalledsystempersonnel,,developmentandimprovementofthesocialistmarketeconomy,:HumanDevelopmentintheHistoricalProcessofBuildingaHarmoniousSocietycompiledbyChinaInstituteofPersonnelScienceundertheMinistryofPersonnel,morethan70%ofthecountrysprofessionalandtechnicalpersonnelwereworkinginthestate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutions,,thenumberofworkersandthatofprofessionalandtechnicalpersonnelworkinginthenon-state-ownedunits,namelyintheorganizationsoutsidethesystem,~,personneldistributioninsomeregionswherenon-publiceconomywasfairlydevelopedhadundergoneamajorchange:loped,only30%ofthe32,000personnelofdifferentcategoriesareworkinginsidethesystem,namelyinthepartyandstateorgansandstate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutions,while70%areworkingoutsidethesystem,urces:thelocallybroughtuppeople,thegraduatesfromtheinstitutionsofhigherlearning,andthepersonnelflowingfromthesystem,namelyfromthandforpersonnelandalsoamassflowofpersonnelacrossregions,,,,,therehasbeennoinstitutioneng,thelatestdataaboutthepersonnelworkinginnon-stateenterpriseswerec,non-systempersonnelareeagertoreceivesocial,wehaveneglectedandevenignoredtheeffectivemanagementofnon-systempersonnel,,someexpertsurgedthegovernmenttoexerciseeffectiveadministrationoverthesepersonnelandtointroducesomepoliciesandregulationstoeffectivelyencouragenoga“potentialsharedresource”andtherulesgoverningtheguidanceofsocialandeconomicdevelopmentovertheflowofpersonnelhasledtoawidedifferencebetweenthemanagementofsystempersonneladministrationandthatofnon-systempersonnel,andhashencema,asthe“resourcesforpersonnelrecognition”atthedisposaloftheinstitutionsinsidethesystemareoverwhelminglybetterthanthoseatthedisposaloftheinstitutionsoutsidethesystem,,mostgraduatesfromuniversitiesandsecondaryschoolstrytheirbesttofin,thenumberofstate-ownedenterpriseshasgraduallydiminishedandthatofprivateente,suchaflowisdetrimentaltodevelopingandimprovingthesocialistmarketeconomy,toeconomicdevelopment,on-SystemPersonnelComparedwithsystempersonnel,non-systempersonnelaretreateddifferentlyintermsofvaluepreference,ideologicalconcept,interestpursuit,-defined,,theranksof,systempersonnelhaveclearadministrative,thesepeoplewillredefin,Trainingandemploymentofsystempersonneloftenobservepasttraditions,eundermarketconditionsandgen,,personalgrowthoramplespacefordevelopment,,,systempersonnelareinastateof,andhavetoassumehighpsych,theirjobsarestable,sseniorityandage....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite. 

    “名正言顺”打游戏 高校将电竞课纳入专业课体系 —Analysison2010EconomicPerformanceandProspectsfor2011DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceSincethebeginningoftheyearandwiththeimplementationofaseriesofmacroeconomicpolicies,soaringcommoditypricesaregettingstabilized,assetbubblesarebeingreduced,andeconomicgrowthfallsbackquarteronquarterwhilestillkeepingahighgrowthrate,,theenvironmentofexternaldevelopmentisslightlybetterthanthatoflastyelayastablerebound,reachingaround9%,thegovernmentshouldactivelypromotereformsinrelevantfields,acceleratetheadjustmentofeconomicstructureandthetransitionofdevelopmentmode,soastolayasolutionatthebeginningofthisyear,activechangeshavetakenplaceinthedynamicstructureofeconomicgrowth,formingasoundpatterninwhichinvestment,consu,thesoaringcommoditypriceshavebecomestabilized,addressingissuesarisingfromtheint,Chinaseconomyswiftlyreverse,t,thegovernment-ledinvestmentgrowthhasbeenongradualdecline,,governmentbudgetaryandstate-ownedenterprise%%respectively,%%respectively;theinvestmentbydome%whichwasslightlylowerthanthelevelinlastyear(%);theinves%,%,%,resultingmainlyfromhigh-spe,thestimuluseconomicpoliciesi,homeappliances,furnitureandtourism,th%,afterallowingforretailprices,,bothdynamicsandefficiencyofpolicystimulusmeasureswereweakened,publicfinanceexpendituresinpeopleslivelihoodincludingsocialsecurity,employment,medical,residents,theactualgrowthofgrossretailsalesofsocialconsumergoodshasbeenstabilizedatahighlevel,%.2.ExportresumesswiftgrowthwithincreasingshareinglobaltotalDrivenbyglobaleconomysreboundingandincreasedexternaldemand,China;,%yearonyear,sexportsharestillkeepsincreasinginthewholeworld,%,Chinasexportwasseverelyimpactedin2009,itsdropisstillmuchlowerthantheglobalaveragestandard,thenthesharewasontheriseagain,%.Anditishopefultobreakthrough10%,nearingthepeakvaluesofGermanysandJapansexporthasresumedthehigh-speedgrowthandtheshareofChina:,One,emergingeconomiesanddevelopingcountriesoccupiedmorethan50%exportmarket,theywereslightlyimpactedbyfinancialcrisisandstillkeepfasteconomicdevelopment,,theinternationalmarketingcompetitiveedgeamongprivateenterpriseshadbecomesharper,andtheexportgrowthofenterprisesinothertypeswhichwereprimarilybasedonprivateenterpriseswasobviouslyhig,theChinesegovernmentraisedexportrebaterate,increasingexportcredit,providingexportenterpriseswithmorefavorablemeasuresincludingfinancialsupports,soastoalleviatetheimpactoffinancialcrisistoexport-orientedenterprisesproductioncapacity,thenmajorityofenterprisesproductionwasbouncedback,.SoaringcommoditypricesgetstabilizedwithreducedrisksofassetpricingbubblesImpactedbynaturaldisasterssuchasunusuallycoldspellinearlyspring,floodthreatandpriceinflationofagriculturalproductsininternationalmarketandotherfactors,consumerpricesofhouseholdsinfirsteightmonthsobviouslywitnessedthefluctuantincreasingprocess,%inAugust,butcurrently,,theworldeconomicrecoverywassloweddownwithpricesofbulkcommoditiesbeingrelativelylowered,,althoughgrainoutputwasslightlycutthisyear,itisabundantinthestorageandstronginregulationcapacitywithpricesforpartsofagriculturalproductsbeingalmostclosetoandevenhigherthanpricesininternationalmarket,,theporkpricesincreasedinoffseason,hog/,thegrowthofconsumerpricesofhouseholdswillnotbehigherthanthereductionofthecarry-overeffectoflastyear,althoughboththesalesvolumeandhousingpricesinsomecitieswerereboundedtosomeextent,thesalesareaofcommercialresidentialbuildingshavepostedanegativegrowthsinceMay,somedevelopershavebeenpressedhardbytheshortageoffundsandthestockisobviouslyontherise,itisestimatedthatthehousingpriceswillbedroppedattheendofthisyear,,moneycreditsupplyhasalreadyreturnedtotheappropriategrowthlevel,bothoverheatedeconomyandinflati,sincethebeginningofthisyear,theimpetusofdomesticdemandgrowthturnedfrompolicypromotiontomarketdrivenwiththeexportbeingpromotedatafastspeed,indicatingthatChinaseconomicperformancehassuccessfullybrokenawayfromthenegativeimpactofglobaleconomiccrisis,,itwilldragthegrowingmomentumoftotalinvestmenttofall;theexportgrowthwasonthedeclinemonthbymonthafterMayaffectedbytheslowrecoveryofworldmajoreconomies,andChinaseconomicgrowthinthird%.金牛平台的网址ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystemofhumanresourceresearchandtrainingcenterofDRCResearchReportNo127,2010TheEntrepreneurSurveySystemattachedtotheHumanResourceStudyandTrainingCenterofDRChasissued16,000questionnaireson"Follow-upQuestionnaireSurveyofChineseBusinessOperators2009",5,31provinces,,thenumbe%%respectively;t%,%%,%.,butthinkitmoredi%ofbusinessoperatorsare"quitefamiliarwith"or"familiarwith"relevantstrategictheories,%ofthemare"familiaronthewhole"%ofthemare"quiteunfamiliar"or"lessfamiliar";over70%ofenterpriseshavemappedoutwrittenstrategicplansforaperiodofmorethanoneyearandlessthan1/3ofthemhaveformulatedstrategicplansforaperiodofoverthreeyears;%ofbusinessoperatorsagreeorquiteagreethat"itismuchmoredifficulttoimplementthestrategiesthantomapthemout",%%,(Theevaluationofestimateiscalculatedona5-pointbasisquiteagree=5,agree=4,justagree=3,disagree=2,quitedisagree=,),,businessoperatorshavebasicallyrecognizedtheimportanceoftheenterprisestrategyandknowaboutstrategictheories,yetonlylessthanonethirdofenterpri,mostbusinessoperatorsthinkitmuchmoredifficulttoimplementstrategiesthantomapthemout,whichsuggeststhatformulatingeffectivestrategiesandimprovingtheabilitytoimplementthest(SOEs)andpersonaldecision-makingispracticedinnon-state-ownedbusinessesWithregardtothemainworkwhichoperatorsaredirectlyinchargeof,%oftheoperatorshavechosen"formulationofstrategies",,%oftheoperatorshavechosenthepositionof"Director/GeneralManager",rankingthetop,%ofthemhavechosenpositionsin"BoardofDirectors",rankingthesecond,withotherschoosingpostsin"managergroups"orin"highercompetentauthorities"and"leadingenterprisePartygroups".Thesurveyshowsthatdirector/generalmanagerandboardofdirectorsareonthewholethemainbodytofinalizestrategicdecisionsandfinalstrategicdecisionsaremadebydirectors/generalmanagersinhalfoftheenterprises,oupsinover60%ofthestate-ownedenterprisesandsuchdecisionsaremadebydirectors/generalmanagersinmorethan50%e-ownedenterprises,ongoperatorsisofcriticalimportancetotheenhancementofthedecision-makingabilityWithregardtothemethodsforimprovingthestrategicdecision-makingability,thesurveyshowsthatthefirstthreechoicesbybusinessoperatorsaresuccessively"optimizinghighermanagementgroups","improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs"and"amelioratinginstitutionalframeworkandmanagementsystems".Otherchoicesinclude"encouragingemployeestoparticipateindecision-making","transformingpersonalvaluesofentrepreneurs","shapinginnovativeculture"and"optimizingprocessofstrategicdecision-making".Thesurveyshowsthat,generallyspeaking,businessoperatorsthinkthatthemainchannelsforimprovingthedecision-makingabilityaresuccessively"optimizinghighermanagementgroups","improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs","amelioratinginstitutionalframeworkandmanagementsystems","encouragingemployeeparticipation"and"transformingpersonalvaluesofentrepreneurs".,"optimizingequitiesandcorporategovernance"issecondonlyto"optimizinghighermanagementgroups"and"improvingstrategicthinkingamongentrepreneurs",rankingthethird,whichsuggeststhat,forstateandstatecontrollingcompanies,equityoptimizationandsystematicreformisstillo"imperative"and"visionary",withlessparticipationbyemployeesThesurveyhasbeenmadeinto"imperative","visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation""imperative","visionary"and"formalstrategicplan"decision-makingmodelsandspeakrelativelylowofthe"employeeparticipation"reemodelstomakedecisionsandhavelaidparticularstresson"imperative"and"visionary",the"imperative"modelhasbeenscoredthehighest,indicatingthattheimperativedecision-makingiscurrenorereacting"imperative"or"visionary"models,whichtoacertainextentreflectsthedynamicsandcomplexityofthebusinessenvironmentinChinaandstressestheimpactoftraditiona,the"employeeparticipation"modelhasbeenscoredlowly,suggestingthatemployeesofC,profitability,overallqualityandsocialperformanceand,meanwhile,hasanalyzedthecorrelationbetweendecision-makingmodelsandthebusinessperformance(Thegrowthincludessalesgrowthandmarketoccupancy;profitabilityincludesprofitmargin,profitlevelandrateofreturnoninvestment;overallqualityincludescompetitiveposition,customersatisfactionandstabilityofworkers;socialperformanceincludessocialimage,).Thesurveyshowsthat"visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation"modelshaveaconspicuouspositivecorrelationwithallthefouraspectsofthebusinessperformance,whilethe"imperative"modelhasaconspicuouspositivecorrelationonlywithoverallqualityandsocialperf"imperative"modelplaysonthewholeapartofsuccessandfailureinthedevelopmentofChineseenterprisesandthat,toraisethebusinessperformance,weshouldononehandstepupthestrategicthinkinganddecision-makingabilityofbusinessoperatorsandontheotherhandshouldplaceimportanceon"visionary","formalstrategicplan"and"employeeparticipation"modelsandenhancetherationalityofthedecision-makingmodels.ByZhuDantao,,2006Asruralfinancehasbeenplayingakeyroleinpromotingbankdeposits,allocatingfundsanddiversifyingrisks,ithasarousedgreatc,anyreformonruralfinancemustbebasedonadeepunderstandingofitscharacteristics,udymorecomprehensive,tmentofRuralEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenterofStateCouncil(HereinafterreferredtoasDRCSurvey)in2005,whichcovered29provinces(municipalitiesorautonomousregions).Atotalof1962validquestionnairesonpeasanthouseholdswerereceived,plusanother133onvillagesand206onsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)nSichuanProvinceduring2003-2004(HereinafterreferredtoasSichuanSurvey).Thesurveywasconductedinfourcountiesfromfourareas(withonecountyfromonearea):plainarea,hillyarea,mountainareaneartheSichuanBasinandtheareainhabitedbyethnicgroups,sity(CAU)andtheAsianDevelopmentBank(ADB)inTongrenofGuizhouProvince(HereinafterreferredtoasTongrenSurvey)duringJuly2005,,complementingandverifyingeachother,whichhelpstogiveusacomprerallyspeaking,asaresultofdifferentproductionandorganizationmodeintheruraleconomy,thefina,socialtransitionsandculturaltrrcredits,savings,insuranceandotherfinancialservices,(1)LowyieldsandhighrisksAsChinasagriculturalproductionischaracterizedbysmallscale,lowtechnologyandpoormarketaccessibility,theeconomicreturnonitisgenerallylowerthanonotherindust,agriculturalcreditbearshighermarketrisksasagriculturalproducthaslesssupplyelasticityandagriculturalproduction,agriculturalcredithastobearnaturalrisksthatarecausedbyagriculturesesdifferentrequirementstoruralfinancialinstitutionsintermsoftheircommercialization,marketizationandorganizationsintheruralfinancialmarket.(2)SeasonalityandtimelinessThewidespreaduseofmodernscienceandtechnologyhasnotchangetheseasonalityofagriculturalproduction,whichresultsintheseasonalityofagriculturalloandemandf,theTongrenSurveyshowsthatamongatotalof433loansfrom2002totheendofJune2005,%%.Whenaskedaboutthedesiredloanterm,%%chooseabove1year,whichindicates,,,consideringnaturalandmarketrisksofagriculturalbusinesswhichleadtotheuncertaintyofproductionandsales,,pressingandhaphazardry,(3)SmallloansThelandco,sm,,the,899loans,witheachloanaveragingRMB8,244yuan,andloanslessthanRMB5,%,mostlysmallloans,wereextendedtothesurveyedruralenterprisesduring2001~2004,%sesarehuge,tions.(4)LackoftraditionalpledgeThereisanacuteshortageofpledgesinrur,exceptforthelanduserightofcollective-ownedwastelandthatfarmershavecontracted(provided,however,thatthepriorconsentofthecontract-awardingpartyissecured),orthelanduserightofcollectively-ownedlandthatisoccupiedbypledgedbuildings,shouseisabasicnecessityofhislifeandcannotbemortgagedinrealsenseand,whatismore,thelandhishouseoccupiescannotbemortgagedeither,sproductivepropertiescanhardlybesoldinthemarket,,%itproductsthatdonotneedtraditionalpledgesandtoexpandthescopeofacceptablepledges....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.


      Figure2ChangestoChinasOverseasAcquisitionsin2007and2008Source:BasedontheStatisticalBulletinsonChinasOverseasD,thegrowthofChina$,%ofthecountry,theinvestmentsthroughacquisitionsrosesharplytoUS$28billion,makingup50%ofthecountry,theinvestmentsthroughacquisitionshavediversified,risingrapidlyinbothdevelopinganddevelopedcountriesandbeingveryactiveinbothupstreamresour,Chineseenterprises,ariskinvestmentdataservicecompany,Chinasoverseasacquisitionsinthesecondquarterof2009alonereachedUS$,,notonlythecentralstate-ownedenterprisesandlargeenterprisesperformedremarkablywellinoverseasacquisitionsin2009,butalsothemedium-sizedenterprises,especiallytheregionalonesandprivateones,ince,theprovincesoverseasdirectinv,,threeoverseasacquisitions,includingtheHualingGroup%stakesfromAustraliasFMGCompany,becamethelargestofitskindintheprovince,Chineseenterprisescompleted71overseasacquisitionsfromearly2008totheendofJuly2009,ofwhich33or46%ofth,somenewelementsassociatedwithChineseenterprises,Chineseenterpriseshavegrownfastinacquiringfamouscorpor,JiliGroup,aprivateautomakerinChina,completedtheacquisitionofAustraliasDSICompany,aworldfamousauto-gearproducera,theycaneffectivelybenefitChineseenterprisesinovercomingtheirshort-boardeffectinbrandsandtechnologies,promotingtheircorporateupgradin,itisdeterminedbythedifferentdevelopmentsta,,withtheiroperationalrevenuebeingashighasRMB100billionyuan,butthecompetitivesectorsalsohaveenterprises,,manyofthemareprivateenterprises,,therapidexpansionofcorporatescalehasalsoconcealedsomein-depthproblems,suchaslowtechnologicallevel,laggingbrandbuilding,lowproductqualityandaddedvalue,,Chineseenterpriseshavealsoswitchedfrotechnologicalinnovation,productresearchanddevelopment,brandbuilding,qualitycontrolandsupplychainmanagement,,theoutbreakoftheglobalfinancialcrisisin2008hasaggravatedtheweakmarketdemand,theautoandpartsenterprises,themachineryandelectronicsenterprisesandthedailynecessityenterprisesinEurope,Americaandotherdevelopedregionshaveallbeentroubledbydrasticallyshrunkdemandanddivingproductionandsales,andmanyofthemhaveseentheir,,theyhavetemporarilys,Chineseenterprisesoverseascorporateacquisitionscanproducesomesynergyeffect,b,ithas,Chinasindustrializationhasbecomefasterandfaster,rapidlyincreasingtheconsumptionofminerals,,ChinahasbecomeaninternationalmanufacturingbaseandChineseenterpriseshaveinfactpermanufacturingcapacities,,thedramaticriseanddrasticfluctuationinthemarketpricesofmineralresourcesandotherbulkcommoditieshavepromotedChineseenterprisestoacquireoverseasresourcee,itisalsorelatedtothecontinuousgrowthofChina,ChinasforeignexchangereservehasexceededUS$2trillion,andpurchasingAmericannationaldebtsandmakingi,boththeenterprisesandgovernmenthavetheinitiat,theplummetingstockpricesofoverseasenterprisesarisingfromthe2008globalfinancialcrisishavefurtherstimulatedtheenthusiasmofCh,mostoverseasacquisitionshavebeenpromptedbytheaboveinevitablefactors....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,2008Ruralinfrastructureandpublicservicesystemconstitu,improvingruralinfrastructureandpublicservice,thegovernmenthasincreasedinp,theoutdatedruralinfrastructurehasnotwitnessedanymajorimproveme,thisurban-ruralgapcanbeattributed,toaverylargeextent,,inwhich"agricultureispromotedbyindustryandcountrysideissupportedbycity",ChinahasalreadypossessedthebasicconditionsandcapacitiestoshifttheemphasisofthecoyofpublicproductsinChinasruralareashaslongobservedthebasicprincipleof"self-reliancefirstandgovernmentsupportsecond".Thesupplyofruralpublicproductshasbeenmainlyrelyingonthepeasantsthemselves,,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,,itfatilthe16thPartyCongresswstructionofanewsocialistcountrysideasamajorhistorictaskanddecided,forthefirsttimeinhistory,"threereductions"(reductionofagriculturaltax,reductionoftaxonspecialagriculturalproductsandreductionofchargesforruraleducation)and"threesubsidies"(subsidiesforgrainproduction,seedsimprovementandthepurchaseofagriculturalmachines),aseri,thesupportofpublicfinancetoruraldevelopmentshiftedfromthepastnarrowscopeofagriculturalproducti,ruraleducation,health,culture,roadconstruction,drinkingwaterforhumansandanimals,anduralinfrastructureandsocialundertakingssincethe16thPartyCongress,ruralinfrastructureconstructi,,th,atotalof870,000kilometersofruralroadswereeitherconstructedorreconstructed,with580,,325,000kilometersofruralroadswereconstructedorreconstructed,458townshipsortownsand17,764administrativevillageswereconnectedwithhighways,and1,708townshipsortownsand43,,thetotalmileageofChina,%%oftheadministrativevillageshadbeenconnectedwithhighways,%%of,Chinas,,,,theconstructionofruralwatercontrolfacilities,featuringthewater-savingtransformationprojectsinthelargeirrigatedareas,thewater-savingirrigationdemonstrationprojectsandthewatercontrolexperimentsinthepastoralareas,,,,eachbeing300,000mu,,,,theareaundersprayirrigation,,andtheareaunderrain-collec%ofthetotallengthofvariouschannelsintheirrigationareas,eachbeingmorethan10,edCurrently,97%ofChinastownshipsandtownscanbeconnectedwiththeInternetand92%,thereareover6,"three-in-one"integratedinformationserviceplatformsthatincorporatetheadvantagesoftelephone,(county,townshipandvillage)informat%oftheadministrativevillagesacrossthecountry,,telephoneservicecovered13,740newadministrativevillages,,atotalof6700centralandgrass-rootsservicestationswereestablishedbyrelyingonthepubliclibrariesatvariouslevelsandtheculturalstationsatthetownship,ndthemoderndistanceeducationprojectforruralprimaryandmiddleschoolshaverespectivelybuilt197,000and181,,anationwidesductionandlife,andhaspreliminarilysolvedtheirdifficultiesinreadingbooksandwatchingmovies,andhasenrichedtheirspare-timeculturallife. 

      ostandardizethepurchaseofdrugsbymedicalinstitutionswasfir,thousandsofpharmaceuticalmanufacturersandsellershadtopayunder-tab,drugprovidersneededtonegotiateonebyonewithm,allprovincesandcitiesundersurveypromulgsarenotstrictlyobservedinpracticeandtheyneedtopayunder-tablemoneywhensellingdrugstomedicalinstitutions,medicalinstitutionsholdthatafterthegovernmentagenciesorganizeCentralizedPurchaseofDrugs,,thecateg,representativesfromhospitalsbelievethattheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsreducesthepublicdenouncementrelatedtohighdrugpricestowardmedicalinstitutionsanddoctorsbecausehospitalsarenowpurchasingdrugsatthepricesthatwinthebid(orthepricesthatarepublishedviainternet).2TheuseofinformationsysteminthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbeenfacilitatedInChinathepharmaceuticalindustryiscomposedofdrugmanufacturers,drugsellers,medicalinstitutions,,insomelocalitiesrelatedgovernmentaldepartmentsar,informationsystemhasbeenrapidlyestablishedandenforcedinmedicalinstitutions,dhelpcontain,monitorandpunishthosefly-by-nightcompaniesThispositivee,theCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicycancontributeintheseaspects:(1)Thechannelsfordrugcirculationhavebeenclearly-definedTheprovincesundersurveyhavemostlypublishedprovisionsaboutthechann,alldrugsthatwinthebidshouldgothroughthe"twoinvoicesregulation"practice,butorsandanotherinvoiceisissuedwhendrugdistributorsselldrugstomedicalinstitutions.(2)TheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicyhelptocontain"drugbrokers"andthosefly-by-nightcompanies"Drugbrokers"usuallybuydrugsfrommanufacturersatbottomp,,theprofitabilityof"drugbrokers",fly-by-nightcompanieshaveonecommonfeadrugtransactionbyinspectingauthorities.(3)ThePolicyincreasestheconcentrationofmarketinsomelocalitiesForexample,therewere500to600drugdispensingcompan,thetoptendispensingcompaniesoccupyabout80%,thestate-holdingcompaniesdistributed10%ofalldrugsandthegrossprofitratewas9-10%.In2007,state-holdingcompaniesdistributed20%ofdrugsandthegrossprofitratewasbroughtdownto5-6%.Especiallythelow-profit,low-va,theconcentrationofmarketisnotexplicit.ByLvWei,,2006Anationalinnovationsystemiscomposedoftheinteractingorganizationsparticipatingintheinnovationaswellastheexternalenvironment(,thefinancialsystem,educationalsystem,competingmodesandcorporateoperatingmechanism)thathasabearingontheinnovativeactivities;theinteractionofthecomponentsa,aninnovationsystemisnotnecessarilyasystemartificiallydesignedandconstructed,sInnovationSystemComparedwiththemajorinnovativecountriesintheworld,theexternalenvironmentofChina,andthegovernmentplaysanimportantroleindistributingvariousresources;theproportionofstate-ownedeconomyisstillfairlyhigh,andtheoperatingmechanismofstate-ownedenterprises(SOEs)andpublicinstitutionsisdifferentfromthatoftheprivateenterprisesunderthemarketcompetition;themarketmechanismisyettomature,thecapitalmarket,inparticular,isstillintheinitialstageofdevelopment,lmanagementsystem,therestructuringreformhasagreaterbearingontheinnovationsystemanddec,Chinaisabigcountryinteseconomyhavethefollowingcharacteristics:first,abigcountryintermsofthesizeofeconomy,,ChinassizeofGDPranksthefourthintheworld,anditsper-capitalevelofincomeisverylow,,thedomesticmarketishuge,,;ontheotherhand,Chinaisthethirdlargesttradingpoweranditsdependenceonimportsandexportsexceeds60%(withitsdependenceonexportsbeing30%~40%).Chinaisalsooneoft,therefore,Chineseenterpriseshavetocompetewithth,,theregionalgapindevelopmentandincomeishugewiththefactthatthedeveloped,developingandunderdevelopedregionscoexist,andtherefore,,thedevelopmentofhigh,mediumandlow-techindustriesisfairlybalanced,,oftheincrementalvalueofthemanufacturingindustry,theaddedvaluefrommediumtechnologyindustriesaccountedfor60%,thevalueoflow-techindustriesaccountedforabout25%,andthevalueofhigh-techindustriesaccountedforabout14%.Thehigh-techindustriesinthedevelopedcountriesusuallyaccountforahigherpercentage,whileinthedevelop,ChinasRDinputintensityislowerthanthosedevelopedcountriescharacterizedbyknowledge-intensiveindustries,,anditstechnologicaldevelopmentischaracteri,however,,thegrowthrateofChina,%ofitsGDP,,theproportionofinvestmentinbasicresearchandappliedresearchmaintainastablegrowth,,theannualaveragegrowthrateofthegrossoutputvalueofhigh-techindustrieswasashighas24%,andin2004,theexportsofhigh-techproductsaccountedfor28%,internationallycompetitiveenterpriseshasemerged,,assimilative/,thevolumeofprocessingexportsexceeds50%,andoftheexportsbyhigh-techindustries,morethan90%novationpolicies,,financialallocationfromthecentralfinanceforscienceandtechnologynearlydoubledthatintheyear2000,%and4%(SeeTable1).Thegrowthoffiscalallocationbylocalgovernmentsforscienceandtechnologywassimilartothatbythecentralgovernment,andthetotalamountofallocationbylocalgovernmentswasabout60%oftheallocationbythecentralgovernment,anditwas65% CompositionofExpensesforScientificandTechnologicalActivitiesBytheendofthethirdquarter,growthofmoneysupplyandloansdeclined,andf,balanceofbroadmoneysupply(M2)hadamountedto33190billionyuan,%ascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,(M1)hadamountedto11680billionyuan,%overlastyear,(M0)hadamountedto2570billionyuan,%,,,balanceofvariouskindsofRMBandforeignexchangedepositsinallfinancialinstitutionshadamountedto34050billionyuan,%llionyuan,%,variouskindsofRMBdepositsincreasedby4160billionyuan,,,,balanceo,up2%,,,%,,,increasingby169billionUSdollarsoverthebeginningoftheyear. 

    龙源厅足球在线客户端官网新浪广西举报受理和处置管理办法 ByLaiYouwei,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo8,2009TheproductionservicesectorinBeijingstartedfromahigherpointandhasbecome,withagoodindustrialfoundation,aingitsproductionservicesector,addresstheconspicuouscontradictionsandproblemshamperingthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorinBeijingandboosttherealizationofthesteadyandrapideconomicdevelopmentinBeijing,,theproductionservicesectorinBeijingmaintainedagoodmomentumofdevelopmentandplayedanimportantsupportiveroleinstabilizingtheeconomortheproductionservicesectorandtakethedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorasan:productionservicesectorInNovember2007,theBeijingMunicipalPartyCommitteeandtheBeijingMunicipalGovernmentjointlypromulgatedtheProvisionsonFurtherPromotingtheDevelopmentoftheServiceIndustry,forthefuturedevelopmentofBeijing,inordertocarryouttheProvisionsonFurtherPromotingtheDevelopmentoftheServiceIndustryandconscientiouslyaddresstheconspicuouscontradictionsandproblemshamperingthedevelopmentofBeijingsproductionservicesector,itissuggestedthatinlightofthepreferentialpoliciestowardnewandhi-techindustriesandthesoftwareindustry,specificpoliciesandmeasuresshouldbeformulatedtoboostthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorintermsofmarketaccess,financialsupport,preferentialtaxation,guaranteeduseofland,pricesoftheessentialproductionfactors,fiscalsupport,exportrewardsandpersonneltrainingandintroduction,andthepoliciesandmeasuresshouldbegearedtothepromulgatedpoliciesandmeasurestoprovidestillgreaterbackingforthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorandtoenhancethestayingpowromotionoftheserviceindustryInAugust2007,inordertofurtherfacilitatethedevelopmentofBeijingsbankingindustries,theBeijingMunicipalGovernmentsetuptheleadinggrouptobeinchargeofthefinancialservicework,whichplayedapositiveroleinfacilitatingthedevelopmentofBeijing,withreferencetotheorganizationalstructureofthe"LeadingGroupforFinancialServiceWorkinBeijing",shouldsetupleadinggroupsforexpandingtheserviceindustryinvariousdistrictsandcounties,tobeinchargeoftheoverallguidanceandcomprehensivecoordinationtowardtheexpansionoftheserviceindustryinvariousdistrictsandcounties,toearnestlyplacethedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryespeciallytheproductionservicesectorontheimportantagendcipalgovernmentlevelforthepromotionoftheserviceindustrytodiscoverandtackletheseriousproblemsthatcropupinthedevcordancewiththeorientationsandprioritytasksinthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustryespeciallytheproductionservicesector,stepupcommunicationandcoordination,enhanceserviceawarenessandmakejointeffo"directivefundfortheserviceindustry"andthe"fundfortheproductionservicesector"(1)Tosetupthe"directivefundfortheserviceindustry"InordertoboostthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustry,itissuggestedthatthe"directivefundforthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustry",whicharemainlyusedattheweaklinksandinkeyfieldsandrisingtradesandprofessionsofthegrowingserviceindustry,,acertainamountofextrafundscanbearrangedfromthefinancialbudgetseachyeartobeusedassupportingdirectivefundsforthedevelopmentofthestateserviceindustryinvariouslocalities,fortheconstructionofthepublicplatforms,thegeneraltechnicalplatformsandtheinfrastructurefacilitiesinhigh-endpriorityindustrialdevelopmentzonesandinzoneswithserviceindustryclusters,fortheencouragementofindependentinnovationandbrandcreationandfortheopeningupofoverseasmarkets.(2)Tosetupthe"developmentfundfortheproductionservicesector"In1999,theformerMinistryofInformationIndustryandtheMinistryofFinancejointlystartedtheElectronicDevelopsastheintellectualpropertyrightsandstartedthe"StarlightChinaWickProject".TheformerMinistryofIn,forVimicroandbecamethemotivepowerforthedevelopmentofthe"StarlightChinaWickProject",butalsogaverisetomoreinvestmentsforbusinessstartupsandcreatesproductionservicesector,BeijingMunicipalGovernmentcansetupthe"developmentfundfortheproductionservicesector"withreferencetotheoperatingmodelof"electronicdevelopmentfund"andintensifythefinancia,suchasupportisdifferentfromthe"directivefundfortheserviceindustry",whichischaracterizedbythenewpracticeofriskinvestmentandmarketizedoperationbythegovernmentthatnotonlysupportstheproductionserviceenterprisestomakebreakthroughsinsomekeyfieldsandatsomecruciallinksandtogrowsteadily,butalsogainsrewardsfromthegovernmentinvestmentsoastorealizethemaintenanceofthevalueandtheappreciationoftheproductionservicedevelopmentfund.ShenHengchao,,2007ThenonprofitscientificresearchorganizationsinChinacanbedividedintotwocategories:publicnonprofitinstitutio,theyaremodifiedas"nonprofit"andarecalled"nonprofitresearchinstitutions",ateandmanagelikenonprofitorganizationsasthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsandregardsthenonprofitresearchinstitutionsandtheprivatenon-corporatereonsBoththenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsandtheprivatenon-corporatescientificresearchinstitutionsaresomewhatandmanagedasnonprofitorganizations,butstillhavetoberegisteredaspublicinstitutionsThenonprofitscientificresearchin,Chinahad679publicscientificresearchinstitutionsunderthejurisdictionsofthedepartmentsofthecentralgovernmentand3,222publicscientificre,DevelopingHighTechnologiesandRealizingIndustrializationpromulgatedin1999providesthatthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsthatcannotreceivecorrespondingenstitutionspromulgatedin2000dividestheresearchinstitutionsintotwocategorie,whicharemainlyengagedinthebasicresearchorprovisionofpublicservices,cannotreceivethecorrespondingeconomicreturnsandtrulyrequirestatesupport,willcontinuetoberegardedaspublicinstitutions,ionspromulgatedin2000providesthattheorganizationalmanagementandaccountingsystemofthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsshouldbesubmittedbythecompetentauthoritiestotheMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofFinance,theStateCommissionOfficeforPublicSectorReformandtheStateTaxationAdministrationforjointexamination;andtheseinstitutionsshouldberegisteredwiththedepartmentinchargeoft,theyshouldfollowtheaccountingsystemdesignedforthepublicscientificinstitutionsandtheirannualbudgetsshouldbeexaminedandpooledbythecomp,althoughthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsarerequestedtobeoperatedandmanagedasnonprofitorganizations,theyarestillpublicinsti,thenonprofitorganizationsinthegeneralsensehavetherighttorecruitemployeesandfo,thenonprofitscientificrethavelargelycompletedtheirreformsorarestillintheprocessofreforms,whilethoseunderthejurisdictionsoftheregionalgovernmentshavejustbeguntheirreforms,ofit-makingtendencyInthelegalsense,Chinahasthreecategoriesofnonprofitorganizations:socialgroups,privatenon-corporateinstitutions,,therewere186,000socialgroups,159,000privatenon-corporateinstitutionsand1,,theybelongtothecategory,privatenon-corporatescientificresearchinstitutionshavedevelopedrapidlyinChina,risingfrom4,522attheendof2003,to5,824bytheendof2004andfurtherto6,,ExaminationandAdministrationofPrivateNon-CorporateScientificandTechnologicalInstitutionspromulgatedin2000,theprivatenon-cor(thescientificandtechnologicalresearchinstitutesaremainlyengagedinscientificresearchandtechnologicaldevelopment),andtherestbeteNon-CorporateInstitutionsprovidesthat,aconsiderablepartofsuchinstitutionshavedemon,WuChuanzhufoundinasurveyontheprivatenon-corporateinstitutionsinthecityofRizhaothatsomeoftheseinstitutionsinfacthdwitrganizationandinsteadcanonl,theLawonthePromotionofNongovernmentalEducationencouragesthecapitalcontributorsofthenongovernmentialpolicytreatmentthaninvestmentmadeinenterprisesandastherearenomajorobstaclestopreventthemfromreceivingreturns,theresultisthatprivatenon-corporateinstitutionscontinuetogrowrapidlyinnumberdespiterepeatedrectifications.HanJunChina,theruralreformhasattainedgreatsuccessandbroughthistoricalchangestotheoutlookofChinaseconomicreform,offeredexperiencesfortheestablishmentofasocialistmarketeconomy,laidthefoundationforafastandcontinuousdevelopmentofnationaleconomy,andservedasapilotdriveforseconomyandsocietyhaveenteredanewdevelopingperiod,ruralreformremainsthekeyfieldforChinasreform,andruraldevelopmentisstillthestrategicfoundationofChinapmentofruralproductivityhasbeenestablishedPriortoreformandopeningup,agriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinChinawerefetteredbythepeople,farmerscouldntenjoytheirrighttoproduceandexchangeagriculturalproductsandtodisposetheirincome,whichhadaffectedfarmers,thestatemonopolizedpurchaseandmarketingandfarmerscouldn,thepricesofagriculturalproductswerenotdecidedbythe,,peopleabolishedthepeoplescommunesystemandestablishedatwo-layermanagementsystemfeaturingtheintegrationofcentralizationanddecentralizationmanagementonthebasisofthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystem,,,thenewcirculationmodeofagriculturalprodholesalemarkethasstimulatedtheemergenceoffactormarketsonland,,,peopletransformedthesinglecollectiveownershipintovariousprivateownerships,structurearebeingcontinuouslyoptimizedBeforereformandopeningup,ittookalmost29yearstoincre,itonlytook18yearstora,theagriculturalstructurehasundergoneobviouschanges,fromtheformertypefocusingongrainproductiontoacomprehensiveandall-rounddevelopmentofagriculture,forestry,,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofcropproductiontotheaddedvalueofagriculturehasdroppedfrom80%%;theproportiontoforestry,%%;animalhusbandry,hasincreasedfrom15%%;fishery,%%.Withabundantsupplyofagriculturalproducts,bothu%oftheworld%sentryintotheWTO,theexportofcompetitiveagriculturalproductshasincreasedrapidly,sources,thetradingvolumeofChinasagriculturalproductsmountedfromUS$$,endwhilet,Chinahasbecom,secondary,andtertiaryindustryofagriculturewasadjustedfrom84::::,,theoutputvalueoftownshipe,theiroutputvaluesurpassedtheagriculturaloutputvalueforthefirsttimeandaccountedforahalf,%,theproportionoftheindustrialoutputvalueoftownshipenterprisesinthenationalgrossindustrialoutputvaluehasalsogrownrapidly,%%in1984,%in1992,,theruralindustrialaddedvaluewasRMB4,780billionyuan,%ofthecountryfastenedthepaceofthecountryscomprehensiveagriculturalmechanizationlevelofplowing,seedingandharvestingpostedabigjump,%in1978to41%%,,,(15muequalsonehectare)sagriculturehadincreasedfrom27%in1978to49%,onlyasmallpartofrurallaborforce,theproportionoftheagriculturaloutputinthecountry%%.However,theproportionofrurallaborforceamongChina%%duringthesameperiod,,hipenterprisesintheirhometowns,,thenumberofemployeesoftownshipenterpriseshadreached135million,representinganincreaseof100millioncomparedwiththen,thespeedoftownshipenterprisesabsorbingsurpluslaborhassloweddown,,therewereabout150millionpeopleworkingintownshipenterprises,representing28%,%from1978%.%oflaborersareemployedinnon-agriculturalsectors,%...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      ,isaspecialconceptthatappearedinthecourseofChina,peasantworkersincludethoseworkinginthesecondaryandtertiaryindustriesinside,peas,China,gthelooksof,structuralcontradictioninsupply-demandrelationsbecomeseverprominentOverall,thesupplyofChina,about200millionof,,thecountrysidestillhasabout100millionlaborersinsurplus,,anda,,%%inthelate1980s,%slabormarketin2002,andash,especiallyinthePearlRiverDeltaandthesoutheastpartsofbothFujianandZhejiangProvinces,desurveyontheutilizationofrurallaborin2006,whichcovered17provinces(municipalitiesandregions),20prefecturecities,57counties(cities),166townsandtownships,and2,%ofthevillagessurveyedbelievedthattheyoungandmiddle-agedpeopleoftheirvillageswh%fortheeastregion,76%%%,%,%.%.OurbasicjudgmentisthatalthoughChinaonthewholestillhasanoversupplyofyoungandmiddle-agedrurallabor,moreandmoreregionshaveseentheirremainingyoungrurallaborbeingtota,weshouldanalyzethesuppl"oversupply"toa"mixtureofsurplusandshortage"."Surplus"referstoanaggregateoversupplywhenlaborismeasuredbyconvertinglabortimeintolabor."Shortage"rurallabortransfer,thetrendofreturningtonativeplacesclearlygainsmomentumThegeneraltrendisthatrurall,seekingemplcountiesjointlyconductedbythePeasantWorkersOfficeoftheStateCouncilandtheruraleconomicresearchdepartmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theaverageannualgrowthrateofthenumberofpeasantworkersseekingemploymentoutsidetheirnativecountieswas7%from2000to2006,%,th%%y,theratioofthoseseekingemploymentoutsensiveindustriestothecentralandwesternregionsandasthecentralandwesternregionsimprovedtheirconditionsfordevelopment,moreandmorepeasantworkershavereturnedtotheirr-exportingcounties,thereturnedpeasantworkersaccountedfor23%ofthepeasantworkersworkingoutsidetheirnativeplacesandfor10%%theyemployedaltogetheraccountedfor18%,wepreliminarilyestimatethatabout8millionpeasantworkershavereturnedtotheirnativeplacesforbeasantworkersandalthoughtheinter-regionallytransferredpeasantworkersstillfaroutnumberthelocallytransferredpeasantworkers,anewpatternofrurallabortransferistakingshape,inwhichthetrendofgoingtotheurbanareasforemploymentandthetrendofretur,andthenew-generationpeasantworkershavebecomeavitalforceThesupplyofrurallaborcontinuestorise,,th,theyoungpeasantworkers,bornafterthe1980sandaged16orover,,thenew-generationpeasantworkershavemuchweakeraffectionforlandandtheirwayofthinking,,thenew-generationpeasantworkersareevolvingfrom"part-timeworkersandpart-timepeasants"to"full-timenonagriculturalworkers",fromthe"two-wayflowbetweenurbanandruralareas"tothe"integrationintocities",andfrom"makingaliving"to"pursuingequality".ThisindicatesthatChinahasanurgentneedtosolvetheproblemofitsurban-ruraldualistsystem.Globalexpansionhasenhancesstudyshowsthat,duetotheeconomiesofscaleandthesynergyeffect,thesuccessfulmergersandacquisitionsamongpharmaceuticalenterprisescansaveabout15%~25%oftheresearchanddevelopmentcosts,5%~20%ofproductioncosts,15%~50%ofmarketingcostsand20%~50%ofadministrationcostsfortheenterprises(TheMcKinseyQuarterly(VI),EconomicSciencePress,1998.).Globalexpansionhasalsoincreasedtheglobalmarketaccessionbyasmallnumberofkeyphar,thesalesvolumeofsomedozenkindsofkeypharmaceuticalshasaccountedforabout30%oftheglobalpharmaceuticalsalesvolume,ofwhichthetoptenkindsofpharmaceuticalshavemadeupabout10%sdomesticpharmaceuticalenterpriseshasgenerallyshownafastincreaseovernearly30yearsfromover800inthebeg,thevastmajorityofpharmaceuticalenterprisesaresmallinscalewithlimitedeconomicscale,andthewholepharmaceuticalindustryislessthanRMB300,000yuan,stoptenpharmaceuticalenterprisesonlyaccountfor10%orsoofthesalesincomesofallpharmaceuticalenterprises,beingmthesalesvolumeofPfizeralone.(2)TheUnitedStates,EuropeandJapandominatethepharmaceuticalinnovationandChina"newchemicalentities(NCEs)",theinternationallyrecognizednewpharmaceuticalstandard(NCEsrefertothematerialsthathavenotbeenratifiedbythepharmaceutapprovedormarketedbymajorindustrializedcountries.),themajorityofnewchemicalentit,during1986~2005,,therewere327inEurope,287intheUnitedStatesand109inJapan,%ofallnewlydevelopedpharmaceuticalsintheworld;Chinaandothercountriesandregionsdeveloped36NCEsinall,%.By"proportioninAmericanpatentapplications",theinnovationpotentialindicator,theUnitedStates,inarrearofIndiainrecentyears(Table3).Table2GloballyApprovedNCEsduring1986~2005(Unit:piece) 

     
     

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